By Wood, Alice
This research examines the actual shape and cultic functionality of the biblical cherubim. prior reports of the cherubim have put too nice an emphasis on archaeological and etymological facts. This monograph offers a brand new man made research, which prioritises the proof provided via the biblical texts. Biblical exegesis, utilizing literary and historical-critical tools, types the big a part of the research (Part I). The findings coming up from the exegetical dialogue give you the foundation upon which comparability with etymological and archaeological information is made (Parts II and III). the consequences recommend that traditions envisaging the cherubim as tutelary winged quadrupeds, with one head and one set of wings, have been supplanted via traditions that conceived of them as extra enigmatic, obeisant beings. within the portrayal of the cherubim in Ezekiel and Chronicles, we will be able to become aware of symptoms of a conceptual shift that prefigures the outline of the cherubim in post-biblical texts, reminiscent of The Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice and the Enochic texts.
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Extra resources for Of Wings and Wheels: A Synthetic Study of the Biblical Cherubim (Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft)
Thus the ornamentation of the rybiD> is more elaborate than that of the lk'yhe . Again, the ideological motivation behind the connection of the cherubim with the palms and calyxes is not made explicit in the text. Apart from 1 Kings 6–7, 2 Chronicles 3–4 and Ezek 41:18–25, there are two other passages which link the cherubim to vegetation, Gen 3:24 and Ezekiel 28. These two passages are significant because they refer to cherubim as real heavenly beings, rather than cultic images. In Gen 3:24, the cherubim are placed to the east (or in front) of the Garden of Eden, to guard the way to the Tree of Life.
G. Ps 91:4; Ps 140:8; Nah 2:6) and have the sense of “shield”. In Ex 40:3 and 21, the verb is used in relation to the tk,roP' veil, which screens the ark from view. In Ex 25:20, it is stated that the cherubim “cover above/over” the tr,PoK; with their wings, whereas in 1 Kgs 8:7 it is the ark that is “covered above/over”. There are two main arguments concerning what exactly the “covering” of the tr,PoK; and ark entails. g. Houtman 2000: 385) who view the primary function of the cherubim in both the tabernacle and temple as apotropaic.
Although verse 18 does not specify that the cherubim were to be made of pure gold, it is likely that this is what is envisaged. Haran notes that the phrase rAhj' bh'z", ‘pure gold’, is only used to describe the inner furniture of the tabernacle. For example, the term ‘pure gold’ is not used with regard to the tabernacle’s planks and pillars which, he argues, shows that they were considered to be inferior to the inner fixtures (Haran 1978: 163). However, as regards the cherubim statues, although the term “pure” is not used in connection with them, Haran argues that they were, nevertheless, to be made of pure gold.
Of Wings and Wheels: A Synthetic Study of the Biblical Cherubim (Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft) by Wood, Alice