By Christopher Gelpi
From the Korean struggle to the present clash in Iraq, Paying the Human bills of conflict examines the ways that the yankee public makes a decision no matter if to help using army strength. opposite to the traditional view, the authors display that the general public doesn't reply reflexively and completely to the variety of casualties in a clash. as an alternative, the publication argues that the general public makes reasoned and moderate cost-benefit calculations for his or her persisted aid of a warfare in response to the reasons for it and the chance it is going to be successful, in addition to the prices which have been suffered in casualties. of those elements, the publication unearths that crucial attention for the general public is the expectancy of good fortune. If the general public believes venture will prevail, the general public will aid it no matter if the prices are excessive. while the general public doesn't anticipate the challenge to be triumphant, even small expenses will reason the withdrawal of help. supplying a wealth of latest proof approximately American attitudes towards army clash, Paying the Human expenses of conflict bargains insights right into a arguable, well timed, and ongoing nationwide dialogue.
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Extra resources for Paying the Human Costs of War: American Public Opinion and Casualties in Military Conflicts
Third, the last survey wave was conducted just on the eve of the 2004 presidential election and is the only nationally representative casualty-related survey ever conducted in such close proximity to an election. As we will show in chapter 5, our poll is a very good proxy for a survey of the electorate, and we are thus able to probe the electoral implications of casualties in an unprecedented way. Our goal in conducting this research is to extend our empirical grasp of how Americans structure their understanding of foreign affairs in the area of military conflict.
Consistent with the defeat-phobic hypothesis, the public was substantially more sensitive to casualties after the war effort was deemed a failure. For example, nearly 46 percent of the public still supported the war in Vietnam in December of 1967, despite the United States having suffered more than 15,000 hostile deaths. S. casualties mounted, public support declined until barely 30 percent of the public supported the war by September 1969. Statistical analyses confirm that the relationship between casualties and support for the war varies substantially.
The implications of the Tet offensive became a topic of heated debate among American elites. S. military leaders claimed that Tet was a tactical success for American armed forces that severely weakened the enemy. Media elites such as Walter Cronkite, on the other hand, contended that Tet was a massive (and surprise) setback, 8 These data are taken from Mueller (1971, 1973, 2005). Arnold (1990), Gibert and Head (1996), and Oberdorfer (2001) on the military and political significance of the Tet Offensive.
Paying the Human Costs of War: American Public Opinion and Casualties in Military Conflicts by Christopher Gelpi