By Charles A. Reilly (auth.)
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Additional info for Peace-Building and Development in Guatemala and Northern Ireland
Unfortunately, the President took personal credit for the event, resulting in little "ownership" by other sectors of the population who really did welcome cessation of thirty-six years of hostilities. Militarycivilian relationships would continue problematic. The Arzu administration began to follow through its commitments, but was generally lukewarm. It prematurely tried to get victims to pardon their victimizers even before they had been named. More than twenty follow-up commissions were appointed to guide implementation-most proved ineffective due to overlapping mandates and little clout to enforce compliance.
Guttierez anticipated a very close race that would likely be decided by voters "in the metropolitan area where insecurity is seen as creating greater anguish" (Edgar Guttierez, El Periodico, August 30, 2007). The campaign offered a familiar choice between a former general offering hard line physical security promises and a center-left businessman pushing development as a path to human security. Would postconflict violence decide yet another election in Guatemala? The growing influence of drug cartels on Guatemalan politicians and institutions alarms many observers .
President Bergerpresided over retirement ceremonies for 11,663 military as part of the reduction in the size of the military agreed to in the peace accords, yet its budget went up through retirement payments and equipment FATIGUE, NOT FRATERNITY IN GUATEMALA 35 purchases (Prensa Libre, 2004). The goal for 2005 was to reduce the army to 15,500 troops. The task of moderniz ing the army will continue through 2010, including military educational reform, transparency of the military budget, restructured career patterns (reducing the top-heavy officer corps), and being more open toward civil society, according to Colonel Francisco Bermudez, president of the Commission for Modernization of the Army.
Peace-Building and Development in Guatemala and Northern Ireland by Charles A. Reilly (auth.)