By Nancy Rodriguez
Contemplating sentencing below continual criminal legislation, Rodriguez examines the correlations among sentence and race and ethnicity. Her examine makes use of sentencing information on repeat and third-strike offenders in Washington country to evaluate the impression of felony and extralegal variables on sentencing results and the development of offenses dedicated. additionally, interviews with prosecutors and security lawyers through the kingdom offer contextual details at the affects of the legislation. Rodriguez unearths that racial disparity is restricted to precise offense forms and mitigated through different criminal variables.
Read or Download Persistent Offender Law: Racial Disparity, Patterned Offenses, and Unintended Effects (Criminal Justice (Lfb Scholarly Publishing Llc).) PDF
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Extra info for Persistent Offender Law: Racial Disparity, Patterned Offenses, and Unintended Effects (Criminal Justice (Lfb Scholarly Publishing Llc).)
Gender differences are also explored. Due to the small number of women and racial/ethnic minorities among the three strike sample, women were dropped from the analyses and only conditional probabilities for White and minority offenders are examined. Methodology 55 Elite Interviews In order to assess the impact of the three strikes law on the judicial system in the state of Washington, telephone interviews were arranged with public officials within the state of Washington. Public officials who are responsible for processing the cases of violent offenders in their respective counties serve as the targeted sample.
However, the sentencing process of less serious or ambiguous offenses was more difficult and allowed for the influence of extralegal factors. Not all recent research using the liberation hypothesis to examine disparity in felony sentencing process has produced empirical support for the theory. For example, Keil and Vito (1989) found no support for the liberation hypothesis in the state of Kentucky when they assessed jury decisions in serious felonies and prosecutors’ decisions to request the death penalty in capital cases.
Bail setting, detention, time to trial, type of trial, plea negotiations, and jail and prison population levels). Criminal justice officials and practitioners often exercise their considerable discretion to avoid the application of laws they consider unduly harsh. Arrest rates for target crimes typically decline soon after mandatory sentencing laws take effect. Also, dismissal and diversion rates tend to increase at early stages of case processing after mandatory sentencing laws take effect. Are Washington State’s criminal justice system actors also making such discretionary choices in the application of mandatory sentencing laws?
Persistent Offender Law: Racial Disparity, Patterned Offenses, and Unintended Effects (Criminal Justice (Lfb Scholarly Publishing Llc).) by Nancy Rodriguez