By David Hafemeister

ISBN-10: 1461492718

ISBN-13: 9781461492719

ISBN-10: 1461492726

ISBN-13: 9781461492726

This e-book offers the reader with crucial instruments had to study advanced societal matters and demonstrates the transition from physics to modern day legislation and treaties. This moment variation positive factors new equation-oriented fabric and large info units drawing upon present details from specialists of their fields. difficulties to problem the reader and expand dialogue are provided on 3 well timed issues:

• nationwide protection: guns, Offense, protection, Verification, Nuclear Proliferation, Terrorism

• surroundings: Air/Water, Nuclear, weather switch, EM Fields/Epidemiology

• power: present strength scenario, constructions, sunlight constructions, Renewable power, greater End-Use potency, Transportation, Economics

Praise for the 1st edition:

"This perception is required in Congress and the administrative department. Hafemeister, a former Congressional fellow with huge Washington adventure, has written a ebook for physicists, chemists and engineers who are looking to study technological know-how and coverage on guns, strength, and the surroundings. Scientists who have the desire to make a distinction will wish this book."

Richard Scribner, first Director, Congressional technological know-how and

Engineering Fellow application, AAAS

"Hafemeister exhibits how a lot it is easy to comprehend approximately nuclear guns and missile matters via basic back-of-the-envelope calculations. He additionally offers compact reasons of the in part winning makes an attempt which were remodeled the previous 60 years to manage those guns of mass destruction. with a bit of luck, Physics of Societal concerns may also help curiosity a brand new new release of physicists in carrying on with this work."

Frank von Hippel, Professor, Princeton, former Assistant Director,

National defense, White apartment, OSTP

"Energy coverage has to be quantitative. those who do not calculate fiscal tradeoffs usually champion simplistic undefined. ‘The answer is more... nuclear energy, or electrical automobiles, or photovoltaics, etc.’ a few basic physics will convey that the genuine answer fits provide and insist as an ‘integrated source plan.’ Physics of Societal matters is an effective start line this journey."

Arthur Rosenfeld, former California strength Commissioner,

Professor-emeritus, U. of California-Berkeley

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Additional info for Physics of Societal Issues: Calculations on National Security, Environment, and Energy

Example text

However, it is unlikely that hydronuclear tests would enable Russia to develop new strategic capabilities outside of its nuclear-explosion test experience. Given China’s apparent lack of experience with hydronuclear testing, it is not clear how China might utilize such testing in its strategic modernization. 1 NPT. (a) What are the trade-offs for the NWSs and NNWSs as members of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty? (b) Which events since 1990 have been positive and which have been negative for the stability of the NPT regime?

High altitude bursts make much less radioactivity since nitrogen and oxygen absorb the neutrons, which decay quickly, but the 14C lingers. In addition, a high altitude burst directly disperses and dilutes the radioactivity. 4. A particularly nasty target would be a nuclear reactor. One estimate for a 1-Mton bomb hitting a 1-GWe reactor predicts an area of 34,000 km2, which would give a lifetime dose of over 1 Sv (100 rem) to the affected population. 1 Overpressure Overpressure of 5 psi (30 kPa) destroys wood and brick houses beyond repair.

7. Bikini fallout. Total accumulated dose contours in rads, 4 days after the BRAVO test explosion (Glasstone and Dolan 1977). stay inside buildings, the dose is reduced by a factor of three. Terrorist dirty-bombs are discussed in Chap. 7, along with calculations of radioactive plumes from nuclear accidents. See Figs. 9 for data on plumes and Fig. 10 for electromagnet pulse effects. 30 1. 8. Detroit fallout. Main fallout pattern after a 1-Mton surface explosion in Detroit, with a uniform, steady 15-mile/h wind from the Northwest.

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Physics of Societal Issues: Calculations on National Security, Environment, and Energy by David Hafemeister

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