By Liubomir K. Topaloff (auth.)
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Additional resources for Political Parties and Euroscepticism
Introduction 11 Euroscepticism is directly associated with the framework of increased European integration. Up until the middle of the 1980s, the word euroscepticism was not even in fashion or use. Instead, anti-EU proponents were called ‘anti marketeers’ – a word associated with the British opposition to participating in the European integration process (Spiering 2005). A few events preceded the change of perception and vocabulary. First, Britain was finally accepted as a member, and with this came greater public discussion – mainly skeptical in nature – of the merits of the greater centralization of European policies and politics.
The proposed classification here with regard to types of political parties is based on their relative size, their electoral success, and the sustainability of electoral-share governance, where political parties are considered either mainstream or marginal. The assumption is that a mainstream political party attracts a large number of voters, and a marginal political party attracts only a smaller, often insignificant, number of voters. As a result, a mainstream political party would have significant command over a larger structure of local organizations across the country, while a marginal political party would strategically focus only on areas with clustered constituents, thus having more simple party structure.
One can get a pretty good picture of a given elite’s strategic goals and objectives related to their position in the political system, and their core characteristics. Researching euroscepticism as a symptom, on the other hand, shifts the focus from input to output – that is, to the consequences of adopting a particular policy, strategy, or plan of action. This approach primarily focuses on the reversed interaction – the impact voters’ attitudes have on political elites’ positions and decisions.
Political Parties and Euroscepticism by Liubomir K. Topaloff (auth.)