By Miriam Galston

ISBN-10: 0691604169

ISBN-13: 9780691604169

Widely known as probably the most unique and profound philosophers that the medieval Islamic global produced, Alfarabi (870-950) wrote many works of political philosophy addressing the problems that ruled Greek political proposal in addition to new questions raised by means of the appearance of printed faith. considering Alfarabi's significant political treatises, Miriam Galston develops a concept explaining how jointly they shape a coherent philosophy of politics. Her inquiry facilities on Alfarabi's discussions of the character of happiness, the attributes of excellent rulers, the simplest type of executive, and the connection among political technology and theoretical inquiry. established upon a brand new interpretation of Alfarabi's approach to writing, Galston explores his use of dialectic, which she lines, partly, to his trust that non-public discovery is a situation of philosophic knowing and to his wish to create for the reader a discussion among Plato and Aristotle.

Originally released in 1990.

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71; Gardet (1951), p. 676. 4 24 CHAPTER I obligation on the reader to reflect on the possibility of multilevel writing but do not point unequivocally to its presence. 13 Alfarabi's method of writing has received somewhat less attention than that of Averroes or Avicenna. 16 While eschewing doctrines of deliberate secrecy and 10 Strauss ¢1952), pp. 30—32. Mahdi (1957), p. 118, n. 1. On this kind of writing in general, see Mahdi (1957), pp. 71—72, 113-125, and (1986), the latter of which is entirely devoted to the theme of Alfa­ rabi's method of writing.

Alternatively, he omits [the name of] many of the authorities [to whom he refers]; or he omits one member of a pair, and limits himself to one member; . . Alternatively, he mentions the two premises of some syllogism and follows them with the conclusion from another, or mentions the two premises of a syllogism and follows them with the conclusion from the necessary concomitants of these premises. . Alter­ natively, he enumerates the individual instances of something obvious at 54 The full title is Kitab al-]am' Baytt Ra'yay al-Haktmayn Aflatun al-llaht wa-ArtstUtdlts ("The Harmonization of the Opinions of the Two Wise Men: Plato, the Divine, and Aris­ totle").

1, pp. 106-108, connects Cicero's statement with Aristotle's early works, which were addressed to popular audiences. These may have included the dialogues, but were not limited to them. 34 According to Stahr (1967), vol. 1, p. " 35 See especially Jaeger (1923). Gauthier Sc Jolif (1970), vol. 1, pp. 64—67, say that the difference between the exoteric and other works was one of both substance and style—style, because the exoteric works were addressed to the public, which, although informed, still required a "vulgarisation"; and substance, because the exoteric works reflect Aristotle's early views.

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Politics and Excellence: The Political Philosophy of Alfarabi by Miriam Galston


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